Montessori 3-Period Lessons are used throughout the Montessori environment to help introduce a new concept and lead the children along a path to understanding and mastery. In the area of language they are used to increase, enrich and broaden a child's vocabulary.
It's important to practice the method of presenting a Three Period Lesson several times until you are comfortable giving it with ease. There are no set movements or patterns that you must follow in each of the periods. As long as you understand the principle of the period, and keep it simple and focused, you can ask the child to do whatever is appropriate for the setting, object, or concept you are teaching.
Sandpaper numbers, sandpaper letters, small objects, and cards (Classified Cards, Nomenclature) are often taught using a 3 period lesson.
Parts of a Montessori 3 Period Lesson
Begin by presenting the child with three objects of contrast and isolate them on a table or mat. For this example the objects will be dog, snake and bird.
1. First Period - Naming Period
It's a known fact that we have an easier time remembering items at the beginning and end of lists and have the hardest time remembering items in the middle. When deciding what order to place the 3 objects in, place the object that you are sure your child is most familiar with in the middle, to increase his chance of success. The first and last objects should be the newer objects.
2. Second Period - Recognition and Association
This period is much longer than the first to extend the handling and movement of the objects. This handling and movement increases the kinesthetic memory and will solidify a child's recognition of the object's name. There are many variations to the Second Period that can be used to hold a child's interest. The movement will make the lesson more attractive and help the child be successful - so be creative!!
3. Third Period - Recall
This is the 'testing' period. This is in fact, the very first time you have asked the child to verbally recall the name of the objects. It is important to proceed to this period only if you feel the child will be successful. If the child is unable to recall the names of the objects, simply give them the names again, and casually end the lesson without making the child feel as though they've failed.